Always supervise children closely around water.
Photo credit: Marie Arick
Summer is here! As the long, hot days of summer move forward there are many things to consider when it comes to children and water safety. Each summer we hear of tragic incidents of children drowning in pools, spas, and other bodies of water. These tragedies may be avoided by following a few simple tips to keep your child safe while letting them enjoy their summer break.
The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) is the agency charged with protecting the public from unreasonable risks of injury or death from thousands of types of consumer products under the agency’s jurisdiction. In addition to Pool and Spa Safety, the CPSC is committed to protecting consumers and families from products that pose a fire, electrical, chemical, or mechanical hazard. CPSC launched the campaign, PoolSafely.gov, which provides Pool Safely: Simple Steps to Save Lives, a national public education campaign to reduce childhood drownings, submersion injuries and entrapments. Review these tips below.
Tips from PoolSafely.gov and CPSC:
- Never leave a child unattended in or near water.
It is recommended to designate an official “Water Watcher”, this is an adult assigned with supervising the children in the water. This should be their only task – they should not be reading, texting or playing games on their phone. Have a phone close by at all times, in case you need to call for help, and if a child is missing, check the pool first. Even when a lifeguard is present, parents and caregivers should still take the responsibility of being a designated “Water Watcher”. When the lifeguard chair is empty, the other lifeguards may not be able to see the entire pool and when lifeguards are sitting in low chairs; other people in the pool can block their view.
- Teach children how to swim.
Swimming is fun, great exercise and it is a lifesaving skill, so why would you not instill this skill in your child? Be sure to enroll children in swimming lessons – the earlier the better. A few swimming lessons may just save their life.
- Teach children to stay away from pool drains.
Show your children where the pool drain is located and remind them of the dangers of those drains. Remind them not to play or swim near drains or suction outlets, especially in spas and shallow pools, and never enter a pool or spa that has a loose, broken or missing drain cover. Sadly, children’s hair, limbs, jewelry or bathing suits, etc. can get stuck in a drain or suction opening. When enjoying time in a spa, be sure to locate the emergency vacuum shutoff before getting in the water.
- Ensure all pools and spas – both in your backyard and any public pool you may visit – have compliant drain covers.
The powerful suction from a pool or spa drain can even trap an adult, let alone a child. The Pool and Spa Safety Act is named after Virginia Graeme Baker, a child that tragically died from drowning due to a suction entrapment from a faulty drain cover. Do to this act, it is now required by law that all public pools and spas must have drain grates or covers that meet safety standards to avoid incidents like the one that took Graeme’s life.
- Install proper barriers, covers and alarms on and around your pool and spa.
One of the biggest dangers with pools or spas is when they are left open without any proper fences, barriers, alarms and covers. Each of these can be lifesaving devices. A fence of at least four feet in height should surround the pool or spa on all sides and should not be made of a climbable material. The pool should only be accessible through a self-closing, self-latching gate. Teach children to never climb over a pool gate or fence. Always remove portable pool ladders when not in use, just so your child is not enticed to enter the water. It is also highly recommended to install a door alarm from the house to the pool area, and keep pool and spa covers in working order.
- Know how to perform CPR on children and adults.
CPR can be the reason a drowning victim survives. With all of the possible locations of CPR trainings, why not get CPR certified as an extra precaution in case there is a water emergency? CPR classes are available through many hospitals, community centers, or by contacting your local American Red Cross. Once certified, be sure to keep the certification up to date.
- Finally, take the Pledge!
Before heading to the water with your family, remember to take the Pool Safely Pledge. This online call to action is a reminder to stay safer around the water. This pledge for you and your child can be found at https://www.poolsafely.gov/pledge/. The pledge is supported by CPSC and the PoolSafely.gov initiative and Olympic swimmer Michael Phelp along with over 60,000 other pledge takers. Parents, you can also download coloring sheets and other fun PoolSafely.gov child friendly apps and songs.
With the large variety of water related summer activities available it does leave a chance for risky incidents. Some work and preparation ahead of time will make for a less anxious and more fun-filled summer. Planning for risk will lessen the high-risk stakes and make sure everyone is prepared in case of an emergency. So remember, Simple Steps Save Lives. Enjoy a safe, fun, and water filled time this summer!
Resources: For more information be sure to visit Pool Safely: Simple Steps Save Lives – https://www.poolsafely.gov
Tacos are a traditional Mexican dish with a mixture of various fillings on a flat bread tortilla. Having recently visited the Yucatan Peninsula and consumed tacos on a daily basis, it became evident that even in Mexico, different regions make their tacos with local available produce, meats, beans and rice. The American version can consist of anything from local produce like zucchini, squash and corn as well as the traditional tomatoes, cheese and lettuce.
Try this taco recipe for a slant on local flavor and taste. My goal is to build a taco that is tasty, local and provides creativity in the ingredients. We will use some of the traditional elements but stick with me as we explore various toppings to make your taco healthy and fresh.
Select your Tortilla
Building a Healthy Taco Using Local Produce. Photo Credit: Pamela Allen
Tortillas are varied in size, color and grain. For a healthy option select the smaller size that are made from whole grains. My favorite is a corn blended tortilla in the six inch circle.
Start with a Protein
The filling can be made from ground turkey, chicken, pork, fish or hamburger. For a vegetarian option try tofu crumbles, black beans or refried vegetarian beans. Brown the meat using your favorite Mexican spice like chili powder, garlic, cumin, white pepper and onion powder.
Pick your Filling
Local vegetables this time of year that will add flavor and color can be used as a filling. Try spiral cut squash using yellow squash or zucchini. Cook in a small amount of olive oil to tenderize. You will want to keep them crunchy so don’t overcook them. Also, shave off fresh corn and add it to your filling or mix it in with your protein.
Pick your toppings
Diced tomatoes make a great topping and add color and flavor. A squeeze of fresh lime juice is also a favorite. Other toppings could include diced avocado or sliced hot peppers like jalapeno, bell or other peppers that grow well in our area. Traditional toppings include various types of shredded cheese and sour cream.
Don’t forget the Fresh Herbs
Cilantro grows very well in this area as well as chives, onions and parsley. Fresh herbs add a splash of color and flavor.
Try the homemade salsa recipe for a side dish with chips or for a topping to pep up the flavor or your healthy taco.
2-3 medium sized fresh tomatoes (diced into small pieces)
1/2 red onion diced
Peppers of your choice – jalapeno (hot) or bell pepper (milder)
Juice of one lime
1/4 cup chopped cilantro
Salt and pepper to taste
May add some spices like chili powder or cumin for flavor.
Prepare all the ingredients and mix in a bowl. Store in refrigerator for up to 2 days.
Always supervise children closely around water.
Photo credit: Marie Arick
Do you have firm water safety practices? Are you a strong swimmer? Do you know Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR)?
Each May, as the temperature rises, the gravitation to fun outdoor water activities begins. Numerous partners, including the American Red Cross and National Recreation and Park Association, promote Water Safety Month each May.
Encouraging conversations regarding water safety and swimming rules is just part of the resources provided to the public. Promotion of swimming lessons and the use of life jackets as well as basic CPR training is also encouraged. “Florida leads the country in drowning deaths of children ages 1-4 years,” according to the Florida Department of Health. The USA Swimming Foundation states “no child is ever water safe,” rather, they promote swimming lessons to aid in making a child safer in the water. Children should always be supervised by CPR-trained and strong swimming adults while playing in or around water. If you are not a strong swimmer, ask another adult that is to accompany you.
As the supervising adult, create a set of water safety rules and enforce them. NO EXCEPTIONS! Educate yourself and children regarding water safety and do not allow horseplay. If children are not strong swimmers, have them wear a swim vest and request they stay in an area close to you for additional ease of supervision. If you, as the adult, need a bathroom break, everyone needs a bathroom break, meaning everyone exits the pool/water area and no one is left behind. Learn basic CPR and keep a cell phone available to call for help if necessary. Never assume other people are watching as well.
Being proactive can prevent a tragedy. Remember, the basics of water safety and having a plan can be lifesaving. Establish your water activity rules, review them prior to each outing, enforce them, and enjoy a safe summer full of fun water activities.
Cow’s milk is an excellent source of calcium, vitamin D, phosphorus, and potassium. (Photo credit: Samantha Kennedy)
There are no bones about it: osteoporosis is no joke. Over time, this condition can lead to brittle bones that break easily and cause debilitating pain. Taking steps early to support bone health can go a long way toward decreasing the risk of developing osteoporosis later.
One excellent way to promote bone strength is through the consumption of calcium and vitamin D. These two nutrients work together to build and strengthen bone tissue. The best way to boost calcium intake is by having a diet filled with calcium-rich foods.
Dairy foods such as milk, cheese, and yogurt are excellent sources of calcium. These foods – but most especially cow’s milk – are also rich in other minerals, such as phosphorus and potassium, as well as two of the B vitamins, B12 and riboflavin.
Phosphorus is important for cell maintenance and repair throughout the body and is especially important for healthy bones and teeth. Potassium is an important electrolyte that helps regulate both water balance and acid-base balance in the blood and tissues.
As for vitamin D, the body produces it naturally through exposure to the sun. Just 10 minutes of sun exposure a day is enough to help the body produce the vitamin D needed to aid in calcium absorption. Foods fortified with vitamin D, such as milk, orange juice, and soy or almond milk, also can provide adequate vitamin D to the body.
One thing to watch out for when choosing dairy foods is the fat content. While these foods are rich in beneficial nutrients, they also can be high in fat. However, there are a wide array of dairy choices that are lower in total fat.
Milk, yogurt, sour cream, and cheese are all available in low-fat or fat free varieties. In fact, fat free (i.e., skim) milk actually contains more calcium per 8 oz. than whole milk! Those unable to consume dairy products due to an allergy or lactose intolerance can still get calcium, vitamin D, and other minerals from products such as soy, almond, coconut, or rice milk which are fortified. (See the infographic, “What’s in your glass?” from the National Dairy Council.)
Dairy foods are part of a healthy and balanced diet. They are rich in a variety of important vitamins and minerals that play a vital role in overall health. For more information about the benefits of dairy or for recipe ideas, please call your local Extension office.
Here is one quick and tasty idea for a cool summer treat: Fruity Yogurt Popsicles!
May is Older Americans Month – Photo credit: Wendy Meredith
“Grandparents Raising Grandchildren” are grandparents who are caregivers for their grandchildren. They have obtained temporary custody or have adopted because the grandchildren’s biological parents often are either incarcerated for crimes related to drugs and/or alcohol addictions or the parents are deceased due to their lifestyles and addictions. The UF/IFAS Escambia County Extension Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program (EFNEP) has partnered with the Council on Aging in our area to work with these “great” grandparents. EFNEP is a series of nine lessons. We teach parents and grandparents raising grandchildren the knowledge, skills, and behaviors needed to raise healthy families.
What EFNEP Offers Grandparents Raising Grandchildren
Eating Smart Being Active. Tell us your story – we listen to you. We share helpful resources available in the county.
Let’s Be Active. Learn Physical Fitness with Exercises and Games for the family. Drink Water.
Plan, Shop, and Save!
Plan for nutritious meals and recipes. Shop on a budget and save money.
Fruits and Vegetables Half Your Plate!
Make simple, family-friendly recipes using fruits and vegetables. Use all varieties including what’s in season and grown locally. Learn about important family vitamins, minerals, and dietary fiber.
Make Half Your Grains Whole Grains!
How many grains do I need a day? Why is it important to eat grains?
Go Lean with Protein!
What are animal proteins? What are plant proteins? How much protein do you need each day? What is a lean protein?
Build Strong Bones!
What are sources of low-fat or no-fat dairy? How many servings does your family need each day?
Make a Change!
What are good ways to get rid of too many fats, salts, and sugars from your families’ daily meals and snacks?
Each EFNEP participant receives a certificate of completion to frame and hang in their home.
Why are Grandparents Raising Grandchildren?
The opioid epidemic is affecting so many families and, really, these folks should be enjoying retirement and their “Older Years.” We are here to supply grandparents who are raising grandchildren with education and tools that equip them to raise healthy and happy children.
EFNEP is here to help
Grandparents Shopping Healthy – Photo credit: Wendy Meredith
EFNEP aids in the challenge with recipes, activities, cooking skills, and researched info. Then we educate about nutritious foods, food safety, physical activity, and how to shop for food on a limited budget. We also provide fresh produce grown, harvested, and donated by the Extension Master Gardeners for in-class recipe tastings. We have, on occasion, taken the grandparents to a local grocery store to “put into action” what they have learned in the EFNEP classes. Each one is given a challenge to purchase a healthy item from each of the five food groups with money that is provided for them.
We also are currently working with Fresh Access Bucks (FAB), which enables us to share with our Grandparents Raising Grandchildren the locations and times of local Farmers Markets and Produce Stands that are FAB partners and accept SNAP and WIC when purchasing Fresh Florida Grown Produce.
Raising children can be hard in our younger adult years. Raising children in our “Older Years” can be extremely challenging, overwhelming, or downright exhausting. Through our partnership, we have been able to help the grandparents by eliminating some of their everyday stresses. We do this by offering them fun, factual, and fresh ideas about nutritious foods and how to prepare yummy, kid-approved snacks and meals. Working with the grandparents has been and continues to be very rewarding. They are always eager to learn and they are committed to the program. And they are so grateful for our involvement. The big smiles on the faces of the Super Grandmas and Super Grandpas say it all!!!
Flower, Stems, Root, Leaf Bouquet
Photo credit: Jamie Spiker
Want to show mom how much you really care about her? Try giving her a Mother’s Day flowers, stems, roots, and leaves arrangement. Okay, so these cleverly disguised vegetables are not the usual bouquet. But giving mom a collection of some super healthy vegetables lets her know her health is important to you. And the healthier mom is, the longer you can keep her in your life.
What counts in a Mother’s Day Flowers Stems Roots Leaves arrangement?
- Flowers: Broccoli or Cauliflower
- Stems: Asparagus or Celery
- Roots: Carrots or Radishes
- Leaves: Lettuce or Cabbage Leaves
Why eat vegetables?
Eating vegetables – on Mother’s Day and every day – gives mom and all of us loads of beneficial nutrients. Veggies contain vitamins, minerals, fiber, and water. As part of a regular diet, veggies help reduce heart disease, some cancers, and other chronic diseases. Why else is it important to eat vegetables? See veggie health benefits. And Bonus – most vegetables are low in fat and calories (so they won’t go to mom’s hips).
Happy Healthy Moms with cauliflower, asparagus, carrot, and purple cabbage “bouquets”
Photo credit: Jamie Spiker
How to incorporate more vegetables
So how do you display and celebrate your love for mom with vegetables? Think lots of color. Vegetables come in every color of the rainbow – red, orange, yellow, green, blue, and violet. Because color is so important, try to eat some veggies of every color every week. And adding lots of color makes for a great veggie bouquet – smile-inducing, eye-catching, healthy, and delicious. To add more vegetables to your day, check out USDA’s Tips to vary your veggies. Try veggies grilled, steamed, stir-fried. Then try them kabobbed and in salads. They are fabulous as the main entrée attraction or work great as the side dish.
You say you just can’t bring yourself to give this kind of Mother’s Day Veggie Bouquet? But if you want to incorporate more veggies into mom’s diet and yours, see easy to eat more veggies. And if all else fails, try giving mom some edible flowers. Nasturtiums are bright, colorful, edible flowers with a peppery kick. For more on these flowers, see garden nasturtium.
Mother’s Day flowers, stems, roots, and leaves. These veggies are a colorful, tasty, healthy, and caring way to say, “I love you, Mom!”
HAPPY MOTHER’S DAY!