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Yellowing in Peanuts Due to Manganese Deficiency

Yellowing of Peanuts  - Manganese Deficiency (photo by Shep Eubanks)

Yellowing of Peanuts caused by a Manganese Deficiency (photo by Shep Eubanks)

Recently, I have visited several peanut fields in Holmes County that are demonstrating yellowing foliage that is easily observed from a passing vehicle.  There are several possible causes of symptoms like this including nitrogen problems due to wet soils or poor nodulation of roots, disease conditions like white mold, or a nutrient deficiency or toxicity.  In the case of the peanuts pictured above, the fields were experiencing a manganese (Mn) deficiency as seen in photo 1 and photo 2.  Manganese deficiency results in an interveinal chlorosis that typically shows on  young leaves or new growth, but in severe situations may be observed on the entire plant.  High soil pH levels often result in this deficiency in peanuts, especially if soil levels of Mn are low.  In this field of peanuts the soil pH actually tested at 7.6, resulting in a Mn deficiency!

A broadcast spray of manganese is warranted if the deficiency occurs at this stage of the growing season. The University of Georgia recommends using 1/2 pound Mn per acre as manganese sulfate or 0.15 to 0.25 pound Mn per acre as chelated Mn in 20 gallons of water per acre. If symptoms persist, the spray should be repeated at 2 week intervals. In most cases, multiple applications will be required.

 

Photo 1. Interveinal Chlorosis of Manganese Deficiency in Peanuts (photo by Shep Eubanks)

Photo 2.  Tyypical Manganese Deficiency Demonstrated on New Growth (photo by Shep Eubanks)

Photo 2. Typical Manganese Deficiency Demonstrated on New Growth (photo by Shep Eubanks)

For more information see the UGA Peanut Production Guide or contact your local UF/IFAS Extension Agent.

 

PG

Author: Shep Eubanks - bigbuck@ufl.edu

Shep Eubanks is the County Extension Director and Agriculture Agent in Holmes County.

Permanent link to this article: http://nwdistrict.ifas.ufl.edu/phag/2014/08/15/yellowing-in-peanuts-due-to-manganese-deficiency/

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